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  haryanainfo.com About Sonepat, Haryana
Sonipat also spelled as Sonepat, is an ancient town and Amunicipal council in the Sonepat district in the state of Haryana,India. It comes under the National Cpaital Region and is around 20 km from Delhi's Border. The Yamuna River runs along the eastern boundary of the district. Sonipat comprises 3 sub-divisions namely Sonipat, Ganaur and Gohana and seven blocks (Sonipat,Ganaur, Raj,Kharkhoda, Gohana, Kathura and Mundlana). It has been carved out of Rohtak and made a full fledged district on 22 December 1972.

Its believed that Sonipat was founded as Swarnaprastha by the five Pandave brothers during the times of Mahabharata. Its one of the five Preasthas or towns demanded by Yudhisthira from Duryodhana as the price of peace. Another legend ascribed it to Raja Soni, the thirteenth descendent of Arjuna, one of the Pandava brothers. Both the traditions are without substance. There is no mention of Sonipat in the Mahabharata, although it has been noted much earlier by the great grammarian Panini in his celebrated Ashtadhyayi. The town was therefore already in existence around 600 B.C .
Ancient History
According to legend, Sonipat was earlier known as Sonprastha, which later on became Swarnprastha, meaning the "Golden City": derived from two Sanskrit words, Swarn (Gold) and Prastha (Place). Over a period of time, the classical name Swarnprasth's pronunciation degraded into Swarnpath, and then to its current form, Sonipat. The another reference of this city comes in the epic Mahabharata, and at that time, it was one of the five villages demanded by the Pandavas in lieu of the kingdom of Hastinapur. The other four villages were Panprastha (Panipat), Baghprastha (Baghpat), Tilprastha (Tilpat) and Indraprastha.
Industry
Industry revolution of the city is started in 50's with Atlas cycle industry. Since then many small and big industries has been established. A few industries in Sonipat are listed below. Despite these, there are many Industrial Areas which are having numerous number of micro, small and medium scale industries
Atlas Cycle Industry
When the car company Maruti was less well known, more than 95% of India's vehicle-owning population owned a bicycle. That time Sonipat was the home of one of the biggest cycle manufacturer - Atlas cycle. Atlas Cycles started its odyssey way back in 1951 and today it is one of the largest manufacturer of bicycles in the world. Now, Atlas Cycles (Sonepat) has also bagged ISO 9001: 2000 certificate by implementing the latest International Quality Management System.
Particulars Description
Area 224.15 metres (735.4 ft)
Population (2011) 1279,175 
Time Zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Sex Ratio 839
Literacy 73%
Official Language

Hindi, English

 
For More Information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonepat
 
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